Gooseberries retain the properties of a particular variety only when propagated vegetatively. Most often, its propagation of gooseberries is made by horizontal layering, since the plant can successfully develop additional roots on branches covered with soil. For rapid propagation by layering on the Bush, choose healthy annual and perennial branches that run from its base.
In early spring, 5-8 buckets of humus or compost are applied to each Bush that is planned for propagation by layering. After that, carefully dig and level the soil near the Bush. The branches selected for lay-offs are carefully bent outwards from the Bush and in several places pinned with wooden hooks, tightly pressed to the ground or leaving them at a height of 1-1. 5 cm from the soil surface. At least a third of the branches of the Bush are left for fruiting when propagating by layering, without bending.
Propagation of gooseberries by horizontal layering – pinned annual shoot after hilling
For better acceleration and development, horizontal layering needs good care throughout the summer. They are regularly hoed with loose, fertile land, weeds are weeded out in time, and the soil is regularly loosened with great care, so as not to damage the young roots of the branch. The first hilling of the cuttings with loose soil is carried out when the vertical shoot rises to a height of 10 cm, repeated hilling is carried out in three weeks. Each time after watering, the soil with layering is mulched with any organic matter. If you start rooting in the spring, you can find quite developed roots in the fall. Shoots with ingrained layering should be separated from the Bush no later than the second half of September or early October, dig them out, divide them into separate bushes and plant on a separate plot – nursery. In the new place, young bushes grow for another year. After they develop well enough, you can transplant them to a permanent place. If there is no possibility of transplanting pinned branches, they are left in their place for the second year. Propagation of gooseberries by horizontal layering in some cases is carried out in the autumn after leaf fall. When starting to propagate, dig up the soil around the selected Bush, apply organic and mineral fertilizers, level the surface and make a small hole to divert the desired shoot. Tilting the shoot to the ground so that it fits into the hole, tightly press it with wooden hooks 20-30 cm long. The free end of the escape, aligned vertically, is pressed with a heavy object. In the spring, this shoot will grow well, and the buds located on the pinned part of the shoot will quickly give young shoots. After a while, they will rise to 12-15 cm in height. After that, the old pinned shoots are pressed tightly to the ground with the same hooks, hilling the shoots with wet loose soil or humus to a height of 6-8 cm along the entire length. If there is a lack of moisture, water it abundantly and sprinkle dry soil on top to prevent evaporation. Each time when the ground dries, this manipulation is repeated to ensure reliable rooting of cuttings. As a result of repeated watering and powdering of the soil, a small soil mound is formed over the hook. In the spring, small roots will appear in the place where the branch is fastened with a hook to the ground. The abundance of soil moisture and spring heat contribute to the transformation of small roots into roots of considerable size, after which the intensive growth of a young gooseberry Bush will begin. Transplanting of cuttings in the spring should be carried out as early as possible, since even a small delay will have a bad effect on the growth of the Bush in the spring and summer period. For propagation of gooseberries, green cuttings cut off healthy green tops of annual growth about 5-6 cm long, remove the lower leaves from them and plant them for rooting in a greenhouse, each cuttings are allocated an area of 8×8 cm. Previously, the greenhouse is filled with fresh manure and greenhouse earth, and a layer of washed coarse-grained river sand 5 cm thick is poured on top. Planted cuttings are watered moderately. To protect cuttings from sunburn, the greenhouse frame is shaded with film and paper. The greenhouse should be regularly ventilated to avoid overheating of the air. The next year, well-rooted cuttings are transplanted to the ridges and grow to the desired degree of maturity. In autumn, they turn into well-developed seedlings.