Often, Amateur gardeners plant gooseberries in 1-2 rows along the fence or along the borders of the plot, leaving a distance of 70 cm between the bushes in a row and 2 m between the rows. This scheme is suitable for planting young, still immature plants. Although it is preferable to plant gooseberries according to the scheme: the distance between plants in a row is about 125-150 cm with a row width of 5-6 m.
In close adults gooseberry bushes significantly increases the probability of their disease by American powdery mildew, which drastically reduces the yield. If you intend to plant a crop on the border of the garden, you should check whether gooseberries are growing nearby on the neighboring plot.
Autumn days from the end of September to mid-October are the optimal time for planting gooseberries. A well-hidden seedling will take root well during the autumn-winter period, giving new young roots. Around it, the soil is sufficiently compacted, contributing to the healing of possible wounds on the roots that were accidentally inflicted during planting. During spring planting, gooseberries take root and grow worse.
Preparing a plot for gooseberries
Gooseberries are prickly and it is difficult to weed them, because the preparation of the site begins with clearing the root of weeds, primarily from Wheatgrass. In early autumn, the soil is dug up, carefully choosing all the rhizomes of weeds, the surface is carefully leveled with a rake with metal teeth, breaking all the clods of earth. It is advisable to keep the soil under black steam during the summer before planting gooseberries.
In the middle zone of Russia, the soil for planting gooseberries is treated in autumn (20-25 days before planting) to a depth of 25 cm, while humus or organomineral compost is applied.
For spring planting, digging the soil is carried out in the fall and left in layers for the winter. In early spring, the light soil is loosened and leveled. Heavy soil should be re-dug to a depth of 12-15 cm.
If there is insufficient fertility of the area designated for gooseberries with deep digging, mineral and organic fertilizers are applied to the soil. For every 1 square meter. In this case, the most acceptable use of granular fertilizers, which are sealed deep.
When simultaneously applying organic and mineral fertilizers, the rate of both should be reduced by half. If it is not possible to apply the required rate of fertilizers to the entire area of the new gooseberry plantation, you can apply them to the planting pits or trenches along the line of future rows.
Nitrogen mineral fertilizers are introduced in the same rate as potash and phosphorous, some time after planting, when the bushes are fully accustomed. Acidic soils are limed at certain intervals, depending on the quality. On podzolog soils with high acidity liming is carried out for 1-2 years of planting. On light soils, 200-300 g per 1 square meter is applied, on heavy soils, the lime norm is increased to 400-500 g per 1 square meter.
How to plant gooseberries after plot preparation
After preparing the soil, the plot is carefully divided, maintaining the desired distance, and mark the places where you will plant gooseberries with stakes. For autumn planting, gooseberry pits are prepared in 2-3 weeks so that the soil has time to settle.
The pit should be round with vertical walls 35-40 cm deep and 50-60 cm in diameter. The soil extracted from the pit is divided by quality. The fertile top layer is folded separately and carefully mixed with fertilizers at the rate of 1 pit: 8-10 kg of humus or completely rotted manure, 50 g of double superphosphate, 40 g of potassium sulphate. The lower subsurface layer is used to seal the aisles.
Additionally, 1 bucket of coarse river sand per pit is added to the clay soil. Usually, the amount of fertilizer applied during planting is enough for plants for three years. The planting pit is filled in approximately 0, 75 % of the depth with a soil mixture with fertilizers so that the soil forms a cone.
For planting, take healthy seedlings at the age of 1-2 years with a well-developed root system (root length from 25-30 cm) and an aboveground part of 3-4 strong shoots. Damaged or dried parts of the roots and branches of seedlings are removed. The roots are soaked for a day in a liquid solution of organic fertilizers: 3-4 tablespoons of sodium HUMATE per 5 liters of water. This way the roots will take root faster.
Plant gooseberries directly or with a slight slope in the direction of the rows, sinking the root neck 5-6 cm below the soil level. With this planting and moderate watering, the seedling develops a strong root system, the existing roots are supplemented with new appendages. Good development of the root system allows you to get a stable and abundant crop over the next few years.
The roots are well spread out on the soil cone. Then, holding the plant by the stem, fall asleep with soil. Hand compacted soil thrown on the roots. When planting, the seedling is shaken slightly so that the earth evenly fills all the voids around the roots. Filling the pit, form a well for watering and a roller that keeps the water from spreading.
After planting, the Bush is watered in the hole at the rate of 1 bucket of water for 4-5 seedlings. Then, when the water is absorbed into the soil, the surface of the trunk circle is mulched with dry peat or humus in a layer of 2-3 cm to prevent the formation of soil crust, weed germination and reduce the evaporation of moisture. After planting, the seedlings are cut off above-ground shoots so that 5-6 buds remain above the soil surface.
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